rata – rat, female rat
RAH-tah; sustantivo femenino
Hay una rata en la basura.
There is a rat in the trash.
rato – male rat
Se necesita un rato y una rata para propagar la especie.
A male rat and a female rat are necessary to propagate the species.
In Spanish, rata is used when you don’t know the gender of the animal. Rato comes into play when referring to a male rat.
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